On March 25, 1957 the representatives of six European countries signed the papers that constituted the foundation of the European Union. Two treaties: the establishment of the European Economic Community (EEC) and of the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM). With a solemn ceremony in the Senate palace Europe was born. Foreign Minister Gaetano Martino and Prime Minister Antonio Segni, representing Italy, sat with the foreign ministers of Germany (also represented by Chancellor Konrad Adenauer), France, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Belgium. The Treaties of Rome provided, among other things, the establishment of the European Parliamentary Assembly – which in 1962 became the European Parliament –and the establishment of the European Economic Community. The EEC prescribed the elimination of customs duties between Member States, the establishment of common external customs duties, the introduction of common policies in agriculture and transport, the creation of a European Social Fund, the establishment of the Bank Investment European and the development of cooperation between Member States.
Many are the initiatives in celebration of that historical day which started on March 17 with a conference promoted by the Italian Chamber of Deputies and Senate of the Republic in which the Presidents of the national parliaments of the Member States and the European Parliament took part to evaluate the results achieved in the first 60 years of the Union, but also to highlight the role that national elected assemblies can play in relaunching the EU.
On 25 March the Capitolin Hill will host the official celebrations of the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Treaties of Rome with a conference of the European Heads of State and the heads of European institutions.
On the same day the conference entitled “The Europe to come” will be held in the Foreign Press Room. The conference aims at relaunching the European project by focusing on the issue of women’s employment and on the possible actions to promote sustainable growth.
In the Senate Library, until June 20, it will be possible to visit the exhibition entitled “Books that made Europe. Economic Governance and Democracy from the 15th to the 20th century”, which presents a selection of 140 first and rare editions, from 1468 to 1950, of works concerning the origins of the political, juridical and economical European culture, some of which come from the Goldsmith Collection of Senate House Library, University of London.
While the multi-media exhibition “Italy in Europe – Europe in Italy” concerning the history of European integration, from the signing of the Treaties of Rome to the present days will be open until March 30 in the Aula Ottagonale of Terme di Diocleziano.
Ilona Catani Scarlett